初中英语选择题常考从句有哪些 如何分析从句提高做题速度

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 大家好,小编在这里为大家分享初中英语选择题常考从句有哪些以及如何分析从句提高做题速度,帮助大家了解详细情况,解决疑惑。

初中英语选择题常考从句有哪些 如何分析从句提高做题速度

 一、宾语从句

 (1)定义

 在句子中起宾语作用的从句叫做宾语从句。

 (2)连接词

 that:

 I think that you can pass the exam.

 Whether/if:

 I don’t know what the word means.

 “Wh”:

 I don’t know what the word means.I don’t know where he found the book.

 只用whether的情况:

 1. 与or not连用:I don’t know whether it’s raining or not.

 2. 与动词不定式连用:He doesn’t know whether to accept the invitation.

 3. 连接词前有介词时:It depends on whether he is coming.

 (3)解题步骤

 1.找从句头

  2.找先行词

 二、定语从句

 (1)定义

 在复合句中修饰名词、代词的从句叫定语从句。

 (2)先行词

 先行词指人 who /that先行词指物 which/ that,定语从句一般紧跟被修饰的名词或代词(即先行词)后

 (3)关系代词

 关系代词代替先行词在句子中担当成分,所以从句中不可再出现其他代替先行词的代词

 (4)指代情况

 1. Whom:

 先行词指人,则代替先行词在定语从句中充当宾语(包括介词的宾语), 与who的区别是如果前面带介词则必须用whom

 2. Whose :

 指人或物,作定语,表示 “…的”eg: Harry is the boy whose mother is our math teacher.

 (5)解题步骤

 1、语序

 删语序:疑问词+be/do/情+主语(守住宾从的底线——疑问句和主语亲密无间)

 比如:两个宾语从句选项A选项what was Miss Lin doing和C选项what dose Miss Lin do中主语和疑问词之间有助动词和be动词,所以都是要删掉,也就是说这两个选项排除

 2、引导词

 引导词+特殊疑问词:根据上下文选择疑问词

 这里的引导词都是what所以可以跳过这一步。

 3、时态

 从句时态看主句:主现从随便;主过从必过;真理永一现

 也就是说,主句是现在时,从句为任一时态;主句是过去时,从句必须是过去时;如果从句说的是客观真理,永远用一般现在时。

 三、状语从句

 (1)定义

 在复合句中由从句表示的状语称作状语从句,它可以用来修饰谓语(包括非谓语动词)、定语或状语,或是整个句子。

(2)八大类

 1. 时间状语从句

 ① When ---当……时候, 通常指某一特定的时间点,主句与从句的动作同时发生。

 ② When --- 正在……的时候,突然…。通常主句是进行时或 be about to 时,在翻译的时候,when 可以译成没想到或突然。

 ③ When 当从句是进行时,主句是一般时,往往表示不满。

 例:Someone knocked at the door when I was having breakfast.

 ④ While ---在……期间,往往指一段时间。

 例:While we were inAmerica, we saw him twice.

 ⑤ While ---表示一种不满情绪,意思是这边在干某种重要的事,而另一边在享受等。

 例:We are cleaning the classroom while they are playing the football.

 ⑥ As 一边……一边, 随着

 例:She was doing her homework as she was listening to the music.

 ⑦ As当……时,指一个动作紧接着一个动作发生,从句通常用进行时。

 例:As I was going out, it began to rain.

 ⑧ The moment --- 一……就…… =as soon as , immediately

 例:---Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her?

 ---Yes, I gave her the moment I saw her.

 2. 条件状语从句

 引导状语从句的连接词有:If如果, unless除非, as long as只要, As (so) far as --- 据……所知,in case万一, provided that假如, on condition that若是,以…为条件

 ① If ---如果If you don’t hurry up, you will miss the plane.

 ② Unless --- 如果不, 除非=if not

 例:We can’t get there on time unless we book the earliest flight

 ③ As long as --- 只要

 例:We will succeed as long as we keep on trying.

 ④ As (so) far as --- 据……所知

 例:As far as I know, he speaks English very well.

 ⑤ In case --- 假使, 如果

 例:The plane cannot take off in case it rains.

 3. 地点状语从句

 地点状语从句只有两个连词: Where, wherever。

 ① Where --- 在……地方

 例:Where there is a will, there is a way.

 ② Wherever --- 无论哪里

 例:Wherever you are, I will be right there waiting for you.

 4. 原因状语从句

 because, as, since, now that, 和considering that, seeing that 这六个连词都用于表示表示原因, 但在语气上一个比一个弱.

 ① Because --- 因为,通常从句放在主句后。

 例:Mr Smith was very upset because he couldn’t find his luggage.

 ② As --- 因为, 通常放在句首

 例:As he is honest and modest, all his friends like him.

 ③ Since ---既然 因语气较弱, 常译为既然(众所周知的原因)

 例:Since everybody has come, we can set off.

 ④ Now that --- 既然

 例:Now that you are here, you can join us.

 5. 结果状语从句

 引导结果状语从句的连词有:that, so that, so…that…

 ① such…that So… that --- 太……以至于 so 后面应用形容词或副词, 有时省略so只用that

 例:Boeing 747 is so large that people like to call it jet bomb喷气炸弹.

 ② So that --- 因而,以便,为了 有时so 可以省去

 例:Speak louder please so that the people at the back can hear you.

 ③ Such …that… ---太……以至于 用法与so…that相同,但such 后面应用名词。

 例:The foreign visitor was such a fast speaker that nobody could understand him.

 6. 目的状语从句

 引导目的状语从句的主要连词有: that, so that, in order that, for fear that, lest

 ① (So) that --- 以便, 从句中常常使用一些情态动词,如:can, could, may, might, should等。

 例:Let’s take the front seats (so) that we may see more clearly.

 ② in order that --- 为了, 与so that 相同从句中常常使用一些情态动词,如:can, could, may, might, should等

 例:School was closed early in order that the children might go home ahead of the storm.

 ③ for fear that --- 生怕; 为了防止(某事发生)

 例:He took the name down for fear that he should forget it.

 ④ in case --- 万一

 例:You should bring a dictionary in case you need it.

 7. 让步状语从句

 引导让步状语从句的连词有:Although, though, as, even if, even though, no matter, however, whatever, while, whether.

 ① Although, though ---虽然 although 和though 可以互换,但although 常放在句首。Though可以用于倒装。

 例:Although it was raining, the plane managed to take off.Though he did his best, he didn’t succeed.

 ② As --- 尽管 as 引导让步状语从句时,句子通常倒装。可与though 互换。

 例:Busy as he is, he never misses a football match.

 ③ Even if /even though ---即使

 例:Even if you don’t like your boss, you should do your work.

 ④ However --- 不论, however 引导让步状语从句时,句子通常倒装

 例:He couldn’t get there on time however fast he drove.

 ⑤ No matter (what, when, where, how) ---无论(什么,何时,何地,怎样)

 例:He wouldn’t forgive me no matter how hard I begged him.

 8. 方式状语从句

 方式状语从句常由: as, as if, as though

 ① as ---与…… 一样

 例:Do in Rome as the Romans do.

 ② as if, as though --- 仿佛, 由as if或 as though引导的从句中可用虚拟语气

 例:She stood at the door as if (=as though) she were waiting for someone.

 (3)解题步骤

 在复合句中由从句表示的状语称作状语从句,它可以用来修饰谓语(包括非谓语动词)、定语或状语,或是整个句子。

 状语从句引导词的选择就是 看词义,所以大家在做题的时候可以把选项的引导词带进去,看哪个词义符合。

 整体来说,小编为大家整理的初中英语选择题常考从句有哪些以及如何分析从句提高做题速度,希望能够帮助到大家,同时大家如果有什么疑问,可以在评论区相互讨论,集百家之长。

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